November 6 2019
What is Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)?
SAD is usually experienced through the winter months due to the darker, duller days. The most common theory is that SAD is linked to a lack of sunlight and can stop the hypothalamus part of the brain from working properly.
This can affect the production of melatonin and serotonin which regulate various functions inside our bodies, such as appetite, mood and sleep. The darker months can also disrupt the body’s internal clock of when to wake up in the morning.
Symptoms of SAD:
The effects of SAD can also create a strain on relationships with people at work, friends and loved ones.
There are a number of things you can do to fight SAD to help you back to feeling like your normal self. Find out our top tips:
Get more light
On the rare occasion that it is bright and sunny outside, make sure you get out in it as much as possible. Indoors, try to give your house as much light as you can. Some people who suffer from seasonal depression purchase dawn simulators that gradually light up your bedroom in the morning. These are good for people who struggle to adapt to the darker mornings.
Balance your diet with plenty of fruit and veg
During the winter months, it can be very tempting to indulge in comforting carbohydrates such as pasta and potato. Although this is essential for a balanced diet, fruit and vegetables are just as important. Why not try a hot hearty vegetable soup packed with nutrients. This will help you gain more energy while avoiding gaining weight.
Stay busy and stay positive
The idea of getting into bed and curling up into a warm ball for all of the winter months is tempting. Planning nice things for yourself, whether it’s a baking session or going out for coffee with your friends, will help to keep yourself busy and distracted from the SAD symptoms.
Try practising cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)
Cognitive behavioural therapy is a form of therapy that breaks down problems, negative thoughts or emotions into smaller parts. This is to show how a negative thought can have a knock on effect to how you feel and behave. CBT focuses on your present feelings rather than focusing on issues that have happened in your past.
Once you can recognise a pattern of your negative thoughts and feelings you can then challenge and question them. This can help you change the way you feel about a situation and help you to react differently in the future.
Keep the cold out
No one likes the feeling of being cold whether they are experiencing SAD or not. Staying warm during the cold months will help boost your mood and keep you from feeling low. Try to keep your home at a comfortable 18C – 20°C.
Get professional help
If your symptoms of SAD are significantly disrupting your personal and work life and are making you very unhappy, seek help from your GP. They may be able to subscribe you with antidepressant medication or guide you in the direction of seeking a therapist. You can also contact mental health charities such as Mind or Rethink Mental Health, or refer yourself for NHS Talking Therapy for which treatment can happen in person or over the phone.