January 22 2020
A bunion is a bony lump that forms on the inside of your foot at the big toe joint. This can affect your big toe by pushing it to point excessively towards your second toe.
Other symptoms include:
Pain and soreness
A burning sensation in the foot
Swelling in the foot
Hardened skin on the bottom of your foot
Redness over the lump
Restriction of the affected toe
Wear wide, flat shoes with a soft sole. Flat shoes help to take pressure away from your big toe and create more space to help relieve your bunion pain.
Bunion pads (soft pads that go over your bunion) or shoe insoles help to ease painful bunion pressure.
Apply an ice pack wrapped in a tea towel to the affected area when you can. This will help to ease the pain and help to reduce the swelling.
Take paracetamol or ibuprofen to help reduce the pain and the inflammation.
Try losing weight if you are overweight. Being overweight can put a lot of pressure on your feet, which can lead to creating bunions.
Wear a bunion splint at night to help gradually push the toe back into its normal alignment. This will not get rid of your bunion but rather help with the positioning of your toe.
If the pain in your bunion does not go away, the only way to get rid of them is through bunion surgery.
Bunion surgery is called an osteotomy, which usually takes less than an hour and is usually done under general anaesthetic.
Make sure your home is crutch friendly before you leave for your operation, moving any furniture to create more space to move around in. Also, make sure everything you need is within reach.
Arrange for someone to take you home after the surgery and help you out the first few days.
Stock up on easy to make meals like tin.ned or frozen food.
Before your operation your doctor may ask you not to eat or drink to avoid any complications while you’re under general anaesthetic.
If you are a smoker, try to stop before the surgery as smoking can put you at risk of getting a wound infection and slow down your recovery rate.
You will usually be given crutches after your surgery and you may be wearing a splint, plaster cast or special shoe.
To help with your recovery:
Try to avoid being on your feet for too long for at least 2 weeks
Do not drive for at least 6 to 8 weeks
Avoid work for 6 to 12 weeks
Avoid sports for up to 6 months
Once you have recovered you may see some differences in your big toe, it might be weaker or stiffer than before, it may not be perfectly straight and there’s a chance you may have to keep wearing wide, comfy shoes. From the surgery you may still feel sore and you may have swelling in your foot which can take up to six months to a year to reduce.